- Bihar is the 13th largest state of India with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi).
- Made up of three main regions – Magadh, Mithila and Bhojpur.
- Bihar has the highest number (almost 58%) of people below the age of 25.
- Bihar has been marred by corruption and has lagged behind in development but things are fast changing now.
- The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word Vihara meaning “abode”.
- River Ganges flows through the state from West to East.
- Bihar has 38 districts which are made up of 243 Assembly constituencies. The state accounts for 40 Lok Sabha seats.
- The major political parties in Bihar are Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal and Bharatiya Janata Party.
Nitish Kumar ditched BJP and joined hands with his bitter rival Laloo Prasad Yadav and won the 2016 elections. They won against BJP at a time when BJP was still going strong, especially after a spectacular performance in the 2014 Lok sabha elections.
2014 elections were fought by BJP, JD(U) and RJD each fighting alone which benefited the BJP. When JD(U), RJD and INC combined together, they gained the maximum vote share. It is now almost certain that BJP can only be defeated if the entire opposition unites. JD(U), RJD and INC each forgot their differences and ideologies and put up a united front against Modi and the same is expected to happen in 2019.
BJP on the other hand would try to bring the lawlessness issue which has returned to haunt Bihar in the recent months. Laloo Yadav is also embroiled in a fresh land scam case and BJP would be hoping that people of Bihar will vote for Modi instead of an opportunist collaboration formed to just defeat BJP.
Bihar has a total electorate count of 63,800,160 off which 35,892,459 voters exercised their rights in the 2014 elections, which was close to almost 56.26% voting. The highest voting was recorded from Katihar (67.6%) while the lowest was from Patna Sahib (45.36%).
607 Candidates took part in the 2014 Bihar elections and almost 80% lost their deposits! INC candidate MOHAMMAD ASRARUL HAQUE from Kishanganj got the highest votes (493461), lowest votes were polled by an Independent candidate VIJAY KUMAR SAHNI from Patna Sahib who got just 1243 votes.