Bihar Election 2019, Lok Sabha Results and Maps

Bihar Map for 2019 Elections
Bihar Lok Sabha Constituency Map

  1. Bihar is the 13th largest state of India with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi).
  2. Made up of three main regions – Magadh, Mithila and Bhojpur.
  3. Bihar has the highest number (almost 58%) of people below the age of 25.
  4. Bihar has been marred by corruption and has lagged behind in development but things are fast changing now.
  5. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word Vihara meaning “abode”.
  6. River Ganges flows through the state from West to East.
  7. Bihar has 38 districts which are made up of 243 Assembly constituencies. The state accounts for 40 Lok Sabha seats.
  8. The major political parties in Bihar are Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal and Bharatiya Janata Party.

Bihar Elections History and Past Results

Bihar has always been a politically active site. It was here that Gandhi started his Champaran Satyagraha, it was this state that gave India it’s first President – Dr. Rajendra Prasad. In the early part of 1950s to most of 1960s, Bihar was considered to be the best administered state in India, mostly because of leaders like Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha, the fist CM of Bihar and Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha, the first Deputy CM of Bihar. 1970s was the time when things went wrong for Bihar. Corruption and casteism raised their heads and affect the state till date.

JP Era

Jayaprakash Narayan, popularly known as JP or Lok Nayak, was another BIG leader from Bihar. when Indira Gandhi declared emergency on 25th June 1975, JP raised strong opposition to it and led the Bihar Movement and called for a Total Revolution. When emergency ended on 23rd March 1977 it was followed by the 6th Lok Sabha elections. Charan Singh formed Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLD) in 1974 and for the 1977 elections, BLD combined with Jan Sangh and the split faction of Congress INC(O) led by Morarji Desai to form Janata Party. JP and Morarji Desai together decimated Congress by winning 52 out of 54 seats in Bihar. Bihar saw the arrival of Karpoori Thakur as its CM and India got its first non-Congress PM in Morarji Desai.

Congress Come Back

Congress made a come back in Bihar in the 1980s with Jagannath Mishra and had a clean run till Laloo Prasad Yadav emerged in 1990. A product of JP’s school of thought, Laloo rose to instant fame riding on the support of the Yadav community who formed the largest caste in Bihar with 11.7% of state population. The Bhagalpur riots of 1989, which were the worst communal riots in Independent India and affected over 250 villages in Biahr, saw Muslim voters leaving the fold of Congress and supporting Laloo. Riding on the Yadav-Muslim combined support, Laloo became the Bihar CM in 1990 and had he not been accused in the fodder scam in 1996, he could have continued to remain the CM of Bihar for a longer time.

Laloo and Scams

After the fodder scam, Laloo broke away from Janata Dal and formed Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) in 1997. Another prominent leader of Janata Dal, Ram Vilas Paswan, broke away and formed Lok Janshakti Party in 2000. Till 2009 elections, LJP fought in alliance with RJD but for the 2014 elections they joined NDA. Nitish Kumar formed the Samata Party along with George Fernandes, which by 2003 changed to Janata Dal (United), although Samata Party still exists with a small section of leaders. Samata Party combined with BJP as part of NDA and won 30 out of the 54 Lok sabha seats in the 1998 Lok Sabha elections. In the 13th Lok Sabha elections held in 1999, NDA performed even better with 41 seats. However, in 2014, when Narendra Modi was declared the PM candidate by BJP, Nitish Kumar broke his alliance with the BJP.

NDA Gets Stronger

In 2000, Bihar was bifurcated and Jharkhand state was formed. This helped RJD win the 2000 Bihar state elections but their support was going down. By 2005 NDA had completely taken over by winning both State as well as Lok Sabha polls. For the entire decade, NDA did tremendous work in Bihar and tried to bring the state back on the road of development. Therefore, Nitish leaving the NDA fold came as a shock to many.

Bihar election results of 2014 surprised many with BJP winning 22 seats out of the 40 on offer and its ally LJP won 6 seats. Such was the power of Modi in 2014 that their lesser known ally Rashtriya Lok Samta Party (RLSP) led by Upendra Kushwaha contested on 3 seats and won all 3! In comparison, JD(U) managed just 2 seats while RJD won only 4. Such drubbing forced the well-known foes Nitish Kumar and Laloo Yadav to join hands once again and in 2016 State Assembly elections, JD(U) allied with RJD and Congress to fight against BJP. They managed to win comprehensively against BJP. It is almost certain that the same unity will be shown by these parties in fighting the 2019 elections in Bihar against BJP.

Constituency\Year
1952
PC
Constituency\Year
1957 1962 1967 1971 1977 1980 1984 1989 1991 1996 1998 1999 2004 2009 2014
PATALIPUTRA INC 1 Valmiki Nagar JD(U) BJP
PATNA CENTRAL INC 2 Paschim Champaran BJP BJP
PATNA EAST INC 3 Purvi Champaran BJP BJP
PATNA CUM SHAHABAD INC 4 Sheohar BLD INC(I) INC JD JD SAP AIRJP RJD RJD BJP BJP
GAYA EAST INC 5 Sitamarhi PSP INC INC INC BLD INC(U) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) RJD JD(U) BLSP
INC 6 Madhubani INC PSP SSP INC BLD INC(I) INC CPI CPI CPI INC BJP INC BJP BJP
GAYA NORTH SP 7 Jhanjharpur BLD JNP(S) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) RJD JD(U) BJP
GAYA WEST INC 8 Supaul JD(U) INC
SHAHABAD SOUTH INC 9 Araria INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD BJP RJD BJP BJP RJD
INC 10 Kishanganj INC INC PSP INC BLD INC(I) INC INC JD JD RJD BJP RJD INC INC
SHAHABAD NORTH WEST IND 11 Katihar INC PSP INC BJS BLD INC(I) INC JD INC INC BJP BJP BJP NCP
SARAN NORTH INC 12 Purnia INC INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD SP BJP IND BJP BJP JD(U)
SARAN CENTRAL INC 13 Madhepura SSP INC BLD INC(U) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) RJD JD(U) RJD
SARAN EAST INC 14 Darbhanga INC INC INC INC BLD INC(I) LKD JD JD JD RJD BJP RJD BJP BJP
SARAN SOUTH INC 15 Muzaffarpur INC INC INC INC BLD JNP(S) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) JD(U) JD(U) BJP
SARAN CUM CHAMPARAN INC 16 Vaishali BLD JNP INC JD JD JD RJD RJD RJD RJD LJP
INC 17 Gopalganj INC INC INC INC BLD INC(I) IND JD JD JD SAP JD(U) RJD JD(U) BJP
CHAMPARAN NORTH INC 18 Siwan INC INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC BJP JD JD RJD RJD RJD IND BJP
CHAMPARAN EAST INC 19 Maharajganj INC INC INC SSP BLD INC(I) INC JD JD SAP SAP JD(U) JD(U) RJD BJP
MUZAFFARPUR NORTH WEST INC 20 Saran RJD BJP
MUZAFFARPUR NORTH EAST INC 21 Hajipur INC INC INC NCO BLD JNP(S) INC JD JD JD JD JD(U) LJNSP JD(U) LJP
MUZAFFARPUR CENTRAL INC 22 Ujiarpur JD(U) BJP
MUZAFARPUR EAST INC 23 Samastipur INC INC INC INC BLD JNP(S) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) RJD JD(U) LJP
MUZAFFARPUR CUM DARBHANGA INC 24 Begusarai INC INC CPI NCO BLD INC(I) INC JD INC IND INC INC JD(U) JD(U) BJP
INC 25 Khagaria INC INC SSP SSP BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD SAP JD(U) RJD JD(U) LJP
SAMASTIPUR EAST INC 26 Bhagalpur INC INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD BJP CPM BJP BJP RJD
DARBHANGA CENTRAL INC 27 Banka INC INC BJS INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD SAP JD(U) IND RJD
DARBHANGA EAST INC 28 Munger INC INC SSP INC BLD INC(U) INC JD CPI SAP RJD JD(U) RJD JD(U) LJP
DARBHANGA NORTH INC 29 Nalanda INC INC INC INC BLD CPI CPI INC CPI SAP SAP JD(U) JD(U) JD(U) JD(U)
DARBHANGA CUM BHAGALPUR INC 30 Patna Sahib BJP BJP
MONGHYR SADAR CUM JAMUI INC 31 Pataliputra JD(U) BJP
INC 32 Arrah BLD JNP(S) INC IPF JD JD SAP RJD RJD JD(U) BJP
MONGHYR NORTH WEST INC 33 Buxar IND INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC CPI CPI BJP BJP BJP BJP RJD BJP
MONGHYR NORTH EAST SP 34 Sasaram INC INC INC INC BLD JNP ICJ JD JD BJP BJP BJP INC INC BJP
BHAGALPUR CUM PURNEA INC 35 Karakat JD(U) BLSP
SP 36 Jahanabad INC CPI CPI BLD INC(I) CPI CPI CPI CPI RJD JD(U) RJD JD(U) BLSP
BHAGALPUR CENTRAL INC 37 Aurangabad INC SWA INC NCO BLD JNP INC JD JD JD SAP INC INC JD(U) BJP
BHAGALPUR SOUTH INC 38 Gaya INC INC INC BJS BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD BJP BJP RJD BJP BJP
PURNEA NORTH EAST INC 39 Nawada INC INC IND INC BLD INC(I) INC CPM CPM BJP RJD BJP RJD BJP BJP
PURNEA CENTRAL INC 40 Jamui INC INC CPI JD(U) LJP
PURNEA CUM SANTAL PARGANAS JHP BARH INC INC INC INC BLD INC(U) INC JD JD SAP SAP JD(U) RJD
INC PATNA  INC INC CPI CPI BLD CPI INC BJP JD BJP BJP RJD
SANTAL PARGANAS CUM HAZARIBAGH INC SHAHABAD INC INC INC INC
SANTAL PARGANAS CUM HAZARIBAGH INC BIKRAMGANJ INC SSP INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD SAP RJD JD(U)
HAZARIBHAG EAST INC CHATRA CNSPJP SWA IND INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD BJP BJP RJD
HAZARIBAGH WEST CNSPJP GIRIDIH CNSPJP SWA INC INC BLD INC(I) INC BJP JMM BJP BJP BJP
RANCHI NORTH EAST INC DHANBAD INC INC JKD INC IND IND INC M-COR BJP BJP BJP BJP
RANCHI WEST (ST) JHP HAZARIBAGH CNSPJP SWA IND INC BLD JNP INC BJP CPI BJP BJP BJP
PALAMAU CUM HAZARIBAGH CUM RANCHI INC RANCHI INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD BJP BJP BJP BJP
INC RANCHI EAST JHP SWA
MANBHUM NORTH INC JAMSHEDPUR INC CPI  INC INC BLD JNP INC JMM JMM BJP BJP BJP
INC SINGHBHUM (ST) JHP JP IND JKP JKP JNP INC INC JMM BJP INC BJP
MANBHUM SOUTH CUM DHALBHUM LSS KHUNTI (ST) INC IND BLD JKD INC BJP BJP BJP BJP BJP
LSS RANCHI WEST (ST) JHP JP
CHAILBASSA (ST) JHP LOHARDAGA (ST) JHP SWA INC INC BLD INC(I) INC INC BJP BJP INC BJP
PALAMAU INC SWA INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD BJP BJP BJP BJP
BALIA BLD CPI INC CPI CPI CPI RJD JD(U) LJNSP
KODARMA BLD JNP INC BJP JD BJP BJP INC
KESARIA INC INC CPI CPI
BETTIAH (SC) INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD BJP BJP BJP RJD
CHAPRA PSP INC INC INC BLD JNP JNP JD JD BJP RJD BJP RJD
MAHUA (SC) INC
PUPRI INC INC INC INC
JAINAGAR INC INC CPI CPI
ROSERA (SC) INC SSP INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) LJNSP
SAHARSA INC SOC SSP INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD JD RJD JD(U) LJNSP
SONBARSA (SC) INC
RAJMAHAL (ST) INC JP INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JMM JMM INC BJP INC RJD
GODDA INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC BJP JMM BJP BJP BJP
DUMKA JHP INC INC INC BLD IND INC JMM JMM JMM BJP BJP
BAGAHA INC INC INC INC BLD INC(I) INC JD JD SAP SAP JD(U) JD(U)
CHAMPARAN INC INC
MOTIHARI (SC) INC INC INC BLD CPI INC BJP CPI BJP RJD BJP RJD

– In 2000, Bihar was split and Jharkhand State was formed.
– Several constituencies were removed or changed after the delimitation act was implemented in 2008.
– PC Nos 1 to 40 are the current Lok Sabha Constituencies of Bihar.

Bihar Election Results 2014

2014 was all about Modi and Bihar wholeheartedly supported BJP. Nitish had already left the NDA fold and decided to fight the elections alone because he did not want to see Modi as PM of India. As a result there were three powerful parties fighting the Bihar elections in 2014 – BJP, JD(U) and RJD. The split of Muslim and OBC votes between JD(U) and RJD helped BJP.

BJP got 29.86% votes compared to 16.04% of JD(U) and 20.46% of RJD and it won 22 seats out of the 40 available. BJP’s ally, Ram Vilas Paswan’s Lok Jan Shakti Party won 6 seats even though it got just 6.50% vote share.

Voter Info
Candidate Summary
Election Results
2014 2009 2004 1999 1998 1996
INC 2 2 3 4 5 2
BJP 22 12 5 23 20 18
RJD 4 4 22 7 17 0
JD(U) 2 20 6 18 0 0
JD 0 0 0 0 1 22
LJP 6 0 0 0 0 0
BLSP 3 0 0 0 0 0
JMM 0 0 0 0 0 1
NCP 1 0 0 0 0 0

Bihar 2019 Election Constituencies

Bihar will have 40 Lok Sabha Constituencies for the 2019 Elections. 6 constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes, 0 for Scheduled Tribes and remaining 34 are General category seats. To have a detailed look at 2019 poll predictions, past election results and constituency maps, please click the links below:

1. Valmiki Nagar 2. Paschim Champaran 3. Purvi Champaran 4. Sheohar 5. Sitamarhi 6. Madhubani 7. Jhanjharpur 8. Supaul 9. Araria 10. Kishanganj 11. Katihar 12. Purnia 13. Madhepura 14. Darbhanga 15. Muzaffarpur 16. Vaishali 17. Gopalganj 18. Siwan 19. Maharajganj 20. Saran 21. Hajipur 22. Ujiarpur 23. Samastipur 24. Begusarai 25. Khagaria 26. Bhagalpur 27. Banka 28. Munger 29. Nalanda 30. Patna Sahib 31. Pataliputra 32. Arrah 33. Buxar 34. Sasaram 35. Karakat 36. Jahanabad 37. Aurangabad 38. Gaya 39. Nawada 40. Jamui
Copyright 2017 India Elections Database | All Rights Reserved.